A growing number of scholars and policymakers are turning their attention to the role of clusters and entrepreneurship in fostering regional development. This five-module seminar is intended for participants interested in the linkages between entrepreneurship, clusters, and regional development from both a conceptual and policy standpoint. In particular, we will discuss (1) the theoretical assumptions underlying different conceptualisations of these three phenomena; (2) the theoretical arguments and empirical evidence on the relationship between entrepreneurship, clusters and regional development; and (3) the academic and policy implications according to different paradigms on the rationale underlying the relationship between entrepreneurship, clusters, and regional development.
Structure and Schedule of the Seminar:
- Session (22 January): Development Safari – From Classical Economics to the Capability Approach
- Session (23 January): Clusters Safari – From Industrial Districts to Clusters
- Session (24 January): Entrepreneurship Safari – From the Entrepreneur to Organization Creation
- Session (25 January): Entrepreneurship, Clusters, and Regional Development – Theoretical Explanations and Empirical Evidence
- Session (26 January): Entrepreneurship, Clusters, and Regional Development – Academic and Policy Implications
Day 1: Development Safari – From Classical Economics to the Capability Approach
- Todaro, M. (2000): Economic Development. 7th edn, Essex, England: Addison-Wesley.
- Cheshire, P.C. and Malecki, E.J. (2004): Growth, development, and innovation: A look backward and forward. Regional Science 83, 249-267.
Day 2: Clusters Safari – From Industrial Districts to Clusters
- Martin, R. and Sunley, P. (2003): Deconstructing Clusters: Chaotic Concept or Policy Panacea? Journal of Economic Geography 3, 5-35.
- Observatory of European SMEs (2002): Regional Clusters in Europe. 3. 1-66. Belgium: Enterprise Publications, European Commission.
- Rocha, H.O. (2004): Entrepreneurship and Development: the Role of Clusters. A Literature Review. Small Business Economics 23, 363-400.
Day 3: Entrepreneurship Safari – From the Entrepreneur to Organization Creation
- Thornton, P.H. (1999): The Sociology of Entrepreneurship. Annual Review of Sociology 25, 19-46.
- European Commission (2003): Green Paper. Entrepreneurship in Europe. European Commission - Enterprise Publications.
- Shane, S. (2003): A General Theory of Entrepreneurship. The Individual-Opportunity Nexus. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, Chapter 1.
Day 4: Entrepreneurship, Clusters, and Regional Development – Theoretical Explanations and Empirical Evidence
- Glaeser, E.L., Kallal, H.D., Scheinkman, J.A. and Shleifer, A. (1992): Growth in Cities. Journal of Political Economy 100, 1126-1152.
- Porter, M.E. (2003): The Economic Performance of Regions. Regional Studies 37, 549-578.
- Reynolds, P., Storey, D.J. and Westhead, P. (1994): Cross-National Comparisons of the Variation in New Firm Formation Rates. Regional Studies 28, 443-456.
- Rocha, H.O. and Sternberg, R. (2005): Entrepreneurship: The Role of Clusters. Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence from Germany. Small Business Economics 24 (3):267-292.
Day 5: Entrepreneurship, Clusters, and Regional Development – Academic and Policy Implications
- No readings. Participants have to infer the academic and policy implications from the previous four modules.
Content of each session
Each meeting will start with a discussion session (90 minutes), followed by a short break (15 minutes) and a lecture (75 minutes).
The discussion session will be based on a list of three to four readings, with the following assignment questions:
- One-paragraph summary of the reading (What is the message of each reading?)
- Three takes-away from the reading (What are the contributions of the reading to our knowledge?)
- Relationship among the readings
- Academic and policy implications